#### Vladimir Vovk Probability and Finance

#### Paul E. Pfeiffer Concepts of Probability Theory

This approach to the basics of probability theory employs the simple conceptual framework of the Kolmogorov model, a method that comprises both the literature of applications and the literature on pure mathematics. The author also presents a substantial introduction to the idea of a random process. Intended for college juniors and seniors majoring in science, engineering, or mathematics, the book assumes a familiarity with basic calculus.After a brief historical introduction, the text examines a mathematical model for probability, random variables and probability distributions, sums and integrals, mathematical expectation, sequence and sums of random variables, and random processes. Problems with answers conclude each chapter, and six appendixes offer supplementary material. This text provides an excellent background for further study of statistical decision theory, reliability theory, dynamic programming, statistical game theory, coding and information theory, and classical sampling statistics.

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Подробнее#### Guojun Gan Measure, Probability, and Mathematical Finance

An introduction to the mathematical theory and financial models developed and used on Wall Street Providing both a theoretical and practical approach to the underlying mathematical theory behind financial models, Measure, Probability, and Mathematical Finance: A Problem-Oriented Approach presents important concepts and results in measure theory, probability theory, stochastic processes, and stochastic calculus. Measure theory is indispensable to the rigorous development of probability theory and is also necessary to properly address martingale measures, the change of numeraire theory, and LIBOR market models. In addition, probability theory is presented to facilitate the development of stochastic processes, including martingales and Brownian motions, while stochastic processes and stochastic calculus are discussed to model asset prices and develop derivative pricing models. The authors promote a problem-solving approach when applying mathematics in real-world situations, and readers are encouraged to address theorems and problems with mathematical rigor. In addition, Measure, Probability, and Mathematical Finance features: A comprehensive list of concepts and theorems from measure theory, probability theory, stochastic processes, and stochastic calculus Over 500 problems with hints and select solutions to reinforce basic concepts and important theorems Classic derivative pricing models in mathematical finance that have been developed and published since the seminal work of Black and Scholes Measure, Probability, and Mathematical Finance: A Problem-Oriented Approach is an ideal textbook for introductory quantitative courses in business, economics, and mathematical finance at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. The book is also a useful reference for readers who need to build their mathematical skills in order to better understand the mathematical theory of derivative pricing models.

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Подробнее#### Ionut Florescu Probability and Stochastic Processes

A comprehensive and accessible presentation of probability and stochastic processes with emphasis on key theoretical concepts and real-world applications With a sophisticated approach, Probability and Stochastic Processes successfully balances theory and applications in a pedagogical and accessible format. The book’s primary focus is on key theoretical notions in probability to provide a foundation for understanding concepts and examples related to stochastic processes. Organized into two main sections, the book begins by developing probability theory with topical coverage on probability measure; random variables; integration theory; product spaces, conditional distribution, and conditional expectations; and limit theorems. The second part explores stochastic processes and related concepts including the Poisson process, renewal processes, Markov chains, semi-Markov processes, martingales, and Brownian motion. Featuring a logical combination of traditional and complex theories as well as practices, Probability and Stochastic Processes also includes: Multiple examples from disciplines such as business, mathematical finance, and engineering Chapter-by-chapter exercises and examples to allow readers to test their comprehension of the presented material A rigorous treatment of all probability and stochastic processes concepts An appropriate textbook for probability and stochastic processes courses at the upper-undergraduate and graduate level in mathematics, business, and electrical engineering, Probability and Stochastic Processes is also an ideal reference for researchers and practitioners in the fields of mathematics, engineering, and finance.

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Подробнее#### John D. Enderle Advanced Probability Theory for Biomedical Engineers

#### John D. Enderle Intermediate Probability Theory for Biomedical Engineers

#### Группа авторов Convergence of Probability Measures

A new look at weak-convergence methods in metric spaces-from a master of probability theory In this new edition, Patrick Billingsley updates his classic work Convergence of Probability Measures to reflect developments of the past thirty years. Widely known for his straightforward approach and reader-friendly style, Dr. Billingsley presents a clear, precise, up-to-date account of probability limit theory in metric spaces. He incorporates many examples and applications that illustrate the power and utility of this theory in a range of disciplines-from analysis and number theory to statistics, engineering, economics, and population biology. With an emphasis on the simplicity of the mathematics and smooth transitions between topics, the Second Edition boasts major revisions of the sections on dependent random variables as well as new sections on relative measure, on lacunary trigonometric series, and on the Poisson-Dirichlet distribution as a description of the long cycles in permutations and the large divisors of integers. Assuming only standard measure-theoretic probability and metric-space topology, Convergence of Probability Measures provides statisticians and mathematicians with basic tools of probability theory as well as a springboard to the «industrial-strength» literature available today.

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Подробнее#### Bruno de Finetti Theory of Probability

First issued in translation as a two-volume work in 1975, this classic book provides the first complete development of the theory of probability from a subjectivist viewpoint. It proceeds from a detailed discussion of the philosophical mathematical aspects to a detailed mathematical treatment of probability and statistics. De Finetti’s theory of probability is one of the foundations of Bayesian theory. De Finetti stated that probability is nothing but a subjective analysis of the likelihood that something will happen and that that probability does not exist outside the mind. It is the rate at which a person is willing to bet on something happening. This view is directly opposed to the classicist/ frequentist view of the likelihood of a particular outcome of an event, which assumes that the same event could be identically repeated many times over, and the 'probability' of a particular outcome has to do with the fraction of the time that outcome results from the repeated trials.

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Подробнее#### Probability theory - Wikipedia

Probability theory is the branch of mathematics concerned with probability. Although there are several different probability interpretations, probability theory treats the concept in a rigorous mathematical manner by expressing it through a set of axioms. Typically these axioms formalise probability in terms of a probability space, which assigns a measure taking values between 0 and 1, termed the probability measure, to a set of outcomes called the sample space. Any specified ...

#### probability theory | Definition, Examples, & Facts ...

Probability theory, a branch of mathematics concerned with the analysis of random phenomena. The outcome of a random event cannot be determined before it occurs, but it may be any one of several possible outcomes. The actual outcome is considered to be determined by chance. The word probability has several meanings in ordinary conversation.

#### Probability Theory - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Probability theory is a branch of mathematics that evolved from the investigation of social, behavioral, and physical phenomena that are influenced by randomness and uncertainty.

#### Basic Probability Theory and Statistics | by Parag Radke ...

Probability is the measure of the likelihood that an event will occur in a Random Experiment. Probability is quantified as a number between 0 and 1, where, loosely speaking, 0 indicates impossibility and 1 indicates certainty. The higher the probability of an event, the more likely it is that the event will occur.

#### Probability Theory and Statistics - ku

Probability Theory 1.1 Introduction Probability theory provides the foundation for doing statistics. It is the mathematical framework for discussing experiments with an outcome that is uncertain. The purpose of probability theory is to capture the mathematical essence of a quantiﬁcation of uncer-

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#### Review of Probability Theory - Stanford University

Probability theory is the study of uncertainty. Through this class, we will be relying on concepts from probability theory for deriving machine learning algorithms. These notes attempt to cover the basics of probability theory at a level appropriate for CS 229. The mathematical theory of probability

#### Probability Theory: The Logic of Science

on probability theory. I struggled with this for some time, because there is no doubt in my mind that Jaynes wanted this book nished. Unfortunately, most of the later Chapters, Jaynes’ intended volume 2 on applications, were either missing or incomplete and some of the early also Chapters had missing pieces. I could have written these latter Chapters and lled the missing pieces, but if I did ...

#### A Tutorial on Probability Theory

Probability measures the amount of uncertainty of an event: a fact whose occurrence is uncertain. Consider, as an example, the eventR“Tomorrow, January 16th, it will rain in Amherst”.

#### Probability - Wikipedia

Probability theory is applied in everyday life in risk assessment and modeling. The insurance industry and markets use actuarial science to determine pricing and make trading decisions. Governments apply probabilistic methods in environmental regulation, entitlement analysis (reliability theory of aging and longevity), and financial regulation. A good example of the use of probability theory ...

#### Probability theory - Probability distribution | Britannica

Probability distribution Suppose X is a random variable that can assume one of the values x1, x2,…, xm, according to the outcome of a random experiment, and consider the event { X = xi }, which is a shorthand notation for the set of all experimental outcomes e such that X (e) = xi.

#### Probability Theory | SpringerLink

Probability theory is an actively developing branch of mathematics. It has applications in many areas of science and technology and forms the basis of mathematical statistics. This self-contained, comprehensive book tackles the principal problems and advanced questions of probability theory and random processes in 22 chapters, presented in a logical order but also suitable for dipping into ...

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Studierst du 0000000236 Probability Theory [MA2409] an der Technische Universität München? Auf StuDocu findest du alle Zusammenfassungen, Klausuren und Mitschriften für den Kurs

#### Probability Theory: STAT310/MATH230 December 15, 2020

Probability Theory: STAT310/MATH230 December 15, 2020 AmirDembo E-mail address: amir@math.stanford.edu Department of Mathematics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305. Contents Preface 5 Chapter 1. Probability, measure and integration 7 1.1. Probability spaces, measures and σ-algebras 7 1.2. Random variables and their distribution 17 1.3. Integration and the (mathematical) expectation 30 1 ...

#### Basic Probability Theory

Basic Probability Theory (78 MB) Click below to read/download individual chapters. Front Matter Chapter 1 Basic Concepts Chapter 2 Random Variables Chapter 3 Expectation Chapter 4 Conditional Probability and Expectation Chapter 5 Characteristic Functions Chapter 6 Infinite Sequences of Random Variables Chapter 7 Markov Chains Chapter 8 Introduction to Statistics Tables and Bibliography ...

#### Probability Theory - Lehrstuhl für Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie

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#### Probability Theory | SpringerLink

The theory is developed rigorously and in a self-contained way, with the chapters on measure theory interlaced with the probabilistic chapters in order to display the power of the abstract concepts in probability theory. This second edition has been carefully extended and includes many new features. It contains updated figures (over 50), computer simulations and some difficult proofs have been ...

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Define probability theory. probability theory synonyms, probability theory pronunciation, probability theory translation, English dictionary definition of probability theory. n. The branch of mathematics that studies the likelihood of occurrence of random events in order to predict the behavior of defined systems. American... Probability theory - definition of probability theory by The Free ...

#### Probability Theory Buch von Achim Klenke versandkostenfrei ...

Produktinformationen zu „Probability Theory “ This second edition of the popular textbook contains a comprehensive course in modern probability theory. Overall, probabilistic concepts play an increasingly important role in mathematics, physics, biology, financial engineering and computer science.

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Probability theory can therefore be considered, from a formal point of view, as part of measure theory. The basic concepts of probability theory are placed in a new light with such an approach. Random variables are transformed into measurable functions, their mathematical expectations into abstract Lebesgue integrals, and so forth. However, the basic problems of probability theory and measure ...

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There are two ways people think about probability. The first is that probablity is a mere branch of measure theory. The second is that it is a discipline in its own right. Measure theory is only used as a mathematical tool to prove results.

#### Seeing Theory - Basic Probability

Probability theory is the mathematical framework that allows us to analyze chance events in a logically sound manner. The probability of an event is a number indicating how likely that event will occur. This number is always between 0 and 1, where 0 indicates impossibility and 1 indicates certainty. A classic example of a probabilistic experiment is a fair coin toss, in which the two possible ...

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In particular, he should have prior exposure to basic probability theory at the level of, say, K.L. Chung's 'Elementary probability theory with stochastic processes' (Springer-Verlag, 1974) and real and functional analysis at the level of Royden's 'Real analysis' (Macmillan, 1968). The first chapter is a rapid overview of the basics. Each subsequent chapter deals with a separate topic in ...

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#### PROBABILITY THEORY THE LOGIC OF SCIENCE

interest in probability theory was stimulated ﬁrst by reading the work of Harold Jeffreys (1939) and realizing that his viewpoint makes all the problems of theoretical physics appear in a very different light. But then, in quick succession, discovery of the work of R. T. Cox (1946), Shannon (1948) and P´olya (1954) opened up new worlds of thought, whose explo- ration has occupied my mind ...

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#### Peter Olofsson Probability, Statistics, and Stochastic Processes

Praise for the First Edition «. . . an excellent textbook . . . well organized and neatly written.» —Mathematical Reviews «. . . amazingly interesting . . .» —Technometrics Thoroughly updated to showcase the interrelationships between probability, statistics, and stochastic processes, Probability, Statistics, and Stochastic Processes, Second Edition prepares readers to collect, analyze, and characterize data in their chosen fields. Beginning with three chapters that develop probability theory and introduce the axioms of probability, random variables, and joint distributions, the book goes on to present limit theorems and simulation. The authors combine a rigorous, calculus-based development of theory with an intuitive approach that appeals to readers' sense of reason and logic. Including more than 400 examples that help illustrate concepts and theory, the Second Edition features new material on statistical inference and a wealth of newly added topics, including: Consistency of point estimators Large sample theory Bootstrap simulation Multiple hypothesis testing Fisher's exact test and Kolmogorov-Smirnov test Martingales, renewal processes, and Brownian motion One-way analysis of variance and the general linear model Extensively class-tested to ensure an accessible presentation, Probability, Statistics, and Stochastic Processes, Second Edition is an excellent book for courses on probability and statistics at the upper-undergraduate level. The book is also an ideal resource for scientists and engineers in the fields of statistics, mathematics, industrial management, and engineering.

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Подробнее#### Группа авторов Probability, Statistics, and Stochastic Processes

A mathematical and intuitive approach to probability, statistics, and stochastic processes This textbook provides a unique, balanced approach to probability, statistics, and stochastic processes. Readers gain a solid foundation in all three fields that serves as a stepping stone to more advanced investigations into each area. This text combines a rigorous, calculus-based development of theory with a more intuitive approach that appeals to readers' sense of reason and logic, an approach developed through the author's many years of classroom experience. The text begins with three chapters that develop probability theory and introduce the axioms of probability, random variables, and joint distributions. The next two chapters introduce limit theorems and simulation. Also included is a chapter on statistical inference with a section on Bayesian statistics, which is an important, though often neglected, topic for undergraduate-level texts. Markov chains in discrete and continuous time are also discussed within the book. More than 400 examples are interspersed throughout the text to help illustrate concepts and theory and to assist the reader in developing an intuitive sense of the subject. Readers will find many of the examples to be both entertaining and thought provoking. This is also true for the carefully selected problems that appear at the end of each chapter. This book is an excellent text for upper-level undergraduate courses. While many texts treat probability theory and statistical inference or probability theory and stochastic processes, this text enables students to become proficient in all three of these essential topics. For students in science and engineering who may take only one course in probability theory, mastering all three areas will better prepare them to collect, analyze, and characterize data in their chosen fields.

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Подробнее#### Denis Bosq Mathematical Statistics and Stochastic Processes

Generally, books on mathematical statistics are restricted to the case of independent identically distributed random variables. In this book however, both this case AND the case of dependent variables, i.e. statistics for discrete and continuous time processes, are studied. This second case is very important for today’s practitioners. Mathematical Statistics and Stochastic Processes is based on decision theory and asymptotic statistics and contains up-to-date information on the relevant topics of theory of probability, estimation, confidence intervals, non-parametric statistics and robustness, second-order processes in discrete and continuous time and diffusion processes, statistics for discrete and continuous time processes, statistical prediction, and complements in probability. This book is aimed at students studying courses on probability with an emphasis on measure theory and for all practitioners who apply and use statistics and probability on a daily basis.

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Подробнее#### A. K. Md. Ehsanes Saleh An Introduction to Probability and Statistics

A well-balanced introduction to probability theory and mathematical statistics Featuring updated material, An Introduction to Probability and Statistics, Third Edition remains a solid overview to probability theory and mathematical statistics. Divided intothree parts, the Third Edition begins by presenting the fundamentals and foundationsof probability. The second part addresses statistical inference, and the remainingchapters focus on special topics. An Introduction to Probability and Statistics, Third Edition includes: A new section on regression analysis to include multiple regression, logistic regression, and Poisson regression A reorganized chapter on large sample theory to emphasize the growing role of asymptotic statistics Additional topical coverage on bootstrapping, estimation procedures, and resampling Discussions on invariance, ancillary statistics, conjugate prior distributions, and invariant confidence intervals Over 550 problems and answers to most problems, as well as 350 worked out examples and 200 remarks Numerous figures to further illustrate examples and proofs throughout An Introduction to Probability and Statistics, Third Edition is an ideal reference and resource for scientists and engineers in the fields of statistics, mathematics, physics, industrial management, and engineering. The book is also an excellent text for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level students majoring in probability and statistics.

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Подробнее#### Patrick Muldowney A Modern Theory of Random Variation. With Applications in Stochastic Calculus, Financial Mathematics, and Feynman Integration

A ground-breaking and practical treatment of probability and stochastic processes A Modern Theory of Random Variation is a new and radical re-formulation of the mathematical underpinnings of subjects as diverse as investment, communication engineering, and quantum mechanics. Setting aside the classical theory of probability measure spaces, the book utilizes a mathematically rigorous version of the theory of random variation that bases itself exclusively on finitely additive probability distribution functions. In place of twentieth century Lebesgue integration and measure theory, the author uses the simpler concept of Riemann sums, and the non-absolute Riemann-type integration of Henstock. Readers are supplied with an accessible approach to standard elements of probability theory such as the central limmit theorem and Brownian motion as well as remarkable, new results on Feynman diagrams and stochastic integrals. Throughout the book, detailed numerical demonstrations accompany the discussions of abstract mathematical theory, from the simplest elements of the subject to the most complex. In addition, an array of numerical examples and vivid illustrations showcase how the presented methods and applications can be undertaken at various levels of complexity. A Modern Theory of Random Variation is a suitable book for courses on mathematical analysis, probability theory, and mathematical finance at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. The book is also an indispensible resource for researchers and practitioners who are seeking new concepts, techniques and methodologies in data analysis, numerical calculation, and financial asset valuation. Patrick Muldowney, PhD, served as lecturer at the Magee Business School of the UNiversity of Ulster for over twenty years. Dr. Muldowney has published extensively in his areas of research, including integration theory, financial mathematics, and random variation.

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Подробнее#### Christopher Small G. Hilbert Space Methods in Probability and Statistical Inference

#### Rolf Steyer Probability and Conditional Expectation

Probability and Conditional Expectations bridges the gap between books on probability theory and statistics by providing the probabilistic concepts estimated and tested in analysis of variance, regression analysis, factor analysis, structural equation modeling, hierarchical linear models and analysis of qualitative data. The authors emphasize the theory of conditional expectations that is also fundamental to conditional independence and conditional distributions. Probability and Conditional Expectations Presents a rigorous and detailed mathematical treatment of probability theory focusing on concepts that are fundamental to understand what we are estimating in applied statistics. Explores the basics of random variables along with extensive coverage of measurable functions and integration. Extensively treats conditional expectations also with respect to a conditional probability measure and the concept of conditional effect functions, which are crucial in the analysis of causal effects. Is illustrated throughout with simple examples, numerous exercises and detailed solutions. Provides website links to further resources including videos of courses delivered by the authors as well as R code exercises to help illustrate the theory presented throughout the book.

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Подробнее#### Группа авторов Probability and Random Processes

A resource for probability AND random processes, with hundreds of worked examples and probability and Fourier transform tables This survival guide in probability and random processes eliminates the need to pore through several resources to find a certain formula or table. It offers a compendium of most distribution functions used by communication engineers, queuing theory specialists, signal processing engineers, biomedical engineers, physicists, and students. Key topics covered include: * Random variables and most of their frequently used discrete and continuous probability distribution functions * Moments, transformations, and convergences of random variables * Characteristic, generating, and moment-generating functions * Computer generation of random variates * Estimation theory and the associated orthogonality principle * Linear vector spaces and matrix theory with vector and matrix differentiation concepts * Vector random variables * Random processes and stationarity concepts * Extensive classification of random processes * Random processes through linear systems and the associated Wiener and Kalman filters * Application of probability in single photon emission tomography (SPECT) More than 400 figures drawn to scale assist readers in understanding and applying theory. Many of these figures accompany the more than 300 examples given to help readers visualize how to solve the problem at hand. In many instances, worked examples are solved with more than one approach to illustrate how different probability methodologies can work for the same problem. Several probability tables with accuracy up to nine decimal places are provided in the appendices for quick reference. A special feature is the graphical presentation of the commonly occurring Fourier transforms, where both time and frequency functions are drawn to scale. This book is of particular value to undergraduate and graduate students in electrical, computer, and civil engineering, as well as students in physics and applied mathematics. Engineers, computer scientists, biostatisticians, and researchers in communications will also benefit from having a single resource to address most issues in probability and random processes.

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Подробнее#### Florescu Ionut Handbook of Probability

THE COMPLETE COLLECTION NECESSARY FOR A CONCRETE UNDERSTANDING OF PROBABILITY Written in a clear, accessible, and comprehensive manner, the Handbook of Probability presents the fundamentals of probability with an emphasis on the balance of theory, application, and methodology. Utilizing basic examples throughout, the handbook expertly transitions between concepts and practice to allow readers an inclusive introduction to the field of probability. The book provides a useful format with self-contained chapters, allowing the reader easy and quick reference. Each chapter includes an introduction, historical background, theory and applications, algorithms, and exercises. The Handbook of Probability offers coverage of: Probability Space Probability Measure Random Variables Random Vectors in Rn Characteristic Function Moment Generating Function Gaussian Random Vectors Convergence Types Limit Theorems The Handbook of Probability is an ideal resource for researchers and practitioners in numerous fields, such as mathematics, statistics, operations research, engineering, medicine, and finance, as well as a useful text for graduate students.

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Подробнее#### Bruno Mendes Probability, Decisions and Games

INTRODUCES THE FUNDAMENTALS OF PROBABILITY, STATISTICS, DECISION THEORY, AND GAME THEORY, AND FEATURES INTERESTING EXAMPLES OF GAMES OF CHANCE AND STRATEGY TO MOTIVATE AND ILLUSTRATE ABSTRACT MATHEMATICAL CONCEPTS Covering both random and strategic games, Probability, Decisions and Games features a variety of gaming and gambling examples to build a better understanding of basic concepts of probability, statistics, decision theory, and game theory. The authors present fundamental concepts such as random variables, rational choice theory, mathematical expectation and variance, fair games, combinatorial calculus, conditional probability, Bayes Theorem, Bernoulli trials, zero-sum games and Nash equilibria, as well as their application in games such as Roulette, Craps, Lotto, Blackjack, Poker, Rock-Paper-Scissors, the Game of Chicken and Tic-Tac-Toe. Computer simulations, implemented using the popular R computing environment, are used to provide intuition on key concepts and verify complex calculations. The book starts by introducing simple concepts that are carefully motivated by the same historical examples that drove their original development of the field of probability, and then applies those concepts to popular contemporary games. The first two chapters of Probability, Decisions and Games: A Gentle Introduction using R feature an introductory discussion of probability and rational choice theory in finite and discrete spaces that builds upon the simple games discussed in the famous correspondence between Blaise Pascal and Pierre de Fermat. Subsequent chapters utilize popular casino games such as Roulette and Blackjack to expand on these concepts illustrate modern applications of these methodologies. Finally, the book concludes with discussions on game theory using a number of strategic games. This book: · Features introductory coverage of probability, statistics, decision theory and game theory, and has been class-tested at University of California, Santa Cruz for the past six years · Illustrates basic concepts in probability through interesting and fun examples using a number of popular casino games: roulette, lotto, craps, blackjack, and poker · Introduces key ideas in game theory using classic games such as Rock-Paper-Scissors, Chess, and Tic-Tac-Toe. · Features computer simulations using R throughout in order to illustrate complex concepts and help readers verify complex calculations · Contains exercises and approaches games and gambling at a level that is accessible for readers with minimal experience · Adopts a unique approach by motivating complex concepts using first simple games and then moving on to more complex, well-known games that illustrate how these concepts work together Probability, Decisions and Games: A Gentle Introduction using R is a unique and helpful textbook for undergraduate courses on statistical reasoning, introduction to probability, statistical literacy, and quantitative reasoning for students from a variety of disciplines. ABEL RODRÍGUEZ, PhD, is Professor in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics at the University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), CA, USA. The author of 40 journal articles, his research interests include Bayesian nonparametric methods, machine learning, spatial temporal models, network models, and extreme value theory. BRUNO MENDES, PhD, is Lecturer in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics at the University of California, Santa Cruz, CA, USA. BRUNO MENDES, PhD, is Lecturer in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics at the University of Cal

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